Population & Language


Slovenia has approx. 2 million inhabitants. Its population is slowly declining as in most of other European countries. However, the infant mortality rate is among the lowest in the world (1.8 per 1,000 liveborns). Life expectancy is 78 years for men and 83.7 for women. There is nearly 100% literacy in Slovenia (99.6%).


According to Eurostat's Population Projections for Slovenia (2008–2060), the scenario that takes into account changes in fertility, mortality and migration, the population of Slovenia will be increasing until 2019 but after that year it will start to decline. Thus from the present number of 2.02 million, by 2019 the population should increase to almost 2.06 million and then slowly but steadily decline to 1.76 million in 2060. Such development will be the result of constant increase in life expectancy at birth, modest increase in fertility and relatively modest net migration.


At present, when life expectancy is expanding and the number of elderly men and women is increasing, age can no longer be perceived solely as the stage when vitality is reduced. Across Europe, age is considered as an opportunity and elderly people are seen as hidden treasures of knowledge and experience, concealed human resources. Therefore, age is an issue of agreement in the society.


Population (2015) 2,061,952
Age structure (2015)



65 and over

14.8 %

67.3 %

17.9 %

Life expectancy at birth (2014)



83.7 years

78 years

Infant mortality rate (2014) 1.8 per 1,000 births

Population increase

(per 1,000 inhabitants, 2014)






(as determined in the 2002 census)







83.1 %

1.81 %

1.98 %

0.32 %

0.11 %

12.68 %


Predominantly Roman Catholic, small numbers of Protestants, Orthodox Christians, Muslims and Jews

Official Language

Slovene, in nationally mixed areas, also Italian and Hungarian

Literacy 99%
Average household expenditure (2012)


Food and soft drinks


Recreations and culture

16.8 %

14.3 %

31 %

8.8 %

 Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, 2015


Slovenian Language

The Slovenian language has played a special role throughout Slovenia's history and is still considered as one of the foundations of national identity. It is a Southern Slavonic language spoken by only two million people. In spite of various influences, in particular Germanic, it has preserved its special features. The most notable of them is the dual form (next to singular and plural), nowadays very rare in other languages.

Learn more about Slovenian language